What are ASTM and CPSC?

In the United State every year, there are a lot of serious cases of bicycle accidents caused to children leading to the results of damages, injuries and even break bones. This breaks out the thoughts of many parents of underestimating the importance of wearing safety gears for their children even they just try to ride a bike. In this article, we will guide you how to examine the safety standards of a helmet.

What are ASTM and CPSC?
What are ASTM and CPSC?


ASTM / CPSC Certifications:

As for the motorcycle helmets, to examine the safety level of a helmet, we usually base on the SNELL or DOT certification or even both. These are two independent organizations specialized in testing helmets for motorbike. Once a helmet company is confident in their product quality, they will bring them to these places to have a test and have the helmets stamped a specific stamp. By this, customers will trust on the products as well as that brand.

Back to the bicycle helmets, as the same, we have ASTM and CPSC certifications. CPSC stands for Consumer Product Safety Commission Sticker while ASTM is International Safety Standards. CPSC and ASTM are different from the way to examine a bicycle helmet as well as how they label and the stamps they have.

What is CPSC?

In particularly, CPSC does not have a determined stamp but various stamps for a wide range of helmets. CPSC usually labels for those helmets which are used for toddlers and babies 1+ and 5+ years old. At these age ranges, the common requirement for a helmet is its coverage. The smaller the helmet is, the more coverage it should have. Parents should not just base on one certification, they need to depend on their children’ age to pick up the suitable one. As a typical example, as for those toddler and preschoolers children, parents should select the 5+ certification.



What is ASTM?

For those helmets used for some specific sports, they need to be labeled with an additional stamp called ASTM, for more details, those sports are bicycling, consist of motor and low speed assisted, riding scooters and in – line skating. In additionally, biking Downhill Mountain and Bike Motor Cross also needs the ASTM. The activities and sports mentioned above have their specific level of dangerousness, especially downhill mountain biking and BMX, these two activities are considered as the most dangerous sports in the world so that you should not ignore this certification. ASTM is also known as the dual certification for kids’ helmet and skateboard safety examinations. In professionally, while CPSC is used for certificate the bicycle helmet use, the ASTM is for skate use in the United States and Europe.



Skateboarders have different levels of dangerousness as they crash quite usually and there are many different ways so that they ask for various requirements and standards. In comparison, bicycle helmets have less certification than the skateboarding. If you find out a helmet with both ASTM and CSPS certifications, you should understand that it is used for multiple functions, both skateboarding and riding bicycle, and it is called “skate” style helmet. However, on the contrary, not all “skate” style helmets have dual stamps.

The chart below provides different standards:

Activity Helmet type Applicable standard (s)

Individual activities – wheeled

BicyclingKick scooter ridingRoller and in – line skating – recreational Bicycle ASTM F1447, F1898, SNEL B-9OA, B-95, CPSC
BMX cycling BMX ASTM F2O32, CPSC
Downhill mountain bike racing Downhill ASTM F1952, CPSC
LongboardingRoller in – line skating aggressive / trickSkateboarding Skateboard ASTM F1492, SNELL N-94

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